Our skin is a significant part of our beauty. Healthy skin naturally adds to our appearance. However, it’s also quite exposed to the external environment and vulnerable to multiple products we use on a daily basis. Therefore, it’s no surprise that most of us have developed unhealthy skin conditions. Some people complain about excessively dry skin or oily skin, some about acne breakouts, large pores, and so forth. Similarly, developing brown spots, also known as age spots, is a common skin problem.
In the following article, we discuss what are brown spots, their causes, prevention, and treatments.
Understanding Brown spots
Brown spots become visible when the skin starts producing melanin, which is skin pigment, in excess amounts. It is hard to determine what actually causes the skin to do so. However, doctors will often point out exposure to sun and skin aging. Skin that is exposed to UV rays from other than the sun, for example tanning beds, can also develop brown spots.
These spots are not limited to the facial area. They can appear on any part of the skin that is frequently exposed to the sun. This includes the back of the hands, forearms, shoulders, and upper back.
While anyone can develop brown spots, some people may be more vulnerable to them. Aging is a common cause so people over 40 years old are at more risk. People with fair skin and those who tend to have more UV rays exposure are also at risk.
Prevention of Brown spots
Brown spots are extremely common. Mostly because the general lifestyle requires going outside a lot and our environment has deteriorated enough that sun rays have become harsher. One of the best prevention methods is to protect your skin from the sun. Avoid going outside when the sun is supposed to be at peak or days when the sun is harsher. Wearing clothes that provide plenty of coverage is also helpful.
Treatments for Brown spots
Many people try organic or DIY methods to treat this condition. It may work for some but not others. The pigment is at the base of the epidermis so it is necessary that the applied treatment reaches into this part of the skin.
If you have tried treatments at home but failed to achieve required results, you may consider the following:
A dermatologist can prescribe bleaching creams for treatment. These may be paired with retinoids or mild steroids at times.
Laser treatments are used to destroy the cells that produce melanin. It does not harm the surface of the skin. However, it may alter the skin color and sun protection becomes highly necessary after the treatment.
This involves sanding of the skin with a rotating brush. It removes the skin surface to allow new skin growth. On the other hand, microdermabrasion is a less aggressive process. It leaves the skin smooth with less visible blemishes.
If you are worried about brown spots or think it may be some other skin condition, it is always better to consult a dermatologist.